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The Oil Tree with Multiple Benefits

Due to ever diminishing sources of fats and oils, there is the growing need for the search of new sources of oil as well as exploiting sources that are currently unexploited in order to supplement the existing ones. Simarouba glauca a very rapid growing tree found growing in a varying range of climatic condition is a promising tree and has the potential to become a new source of oil.. Tropics endowed with infinite quantity of solar energy are the fountainheads of biodiversity. Some of the tropical regions with fertile soils, receiving good rainfall, have rich rainforests with a great treasure of flora and fauna. Agriculture is lucrative in these regions and here the farmers are generally happy and love farming.

However, there are less privileged geographical regions in the tropics, which receive low and erratic rainfall that cannot support good vegetation even though they are blessed with plenty of sun light. Cultivation of traditional crops adopting recommended packages is very much uneconomical and often disastrous to agriculturists in these regions. Since agriculture is not sustainable, the farmers as well as the landless laborers of these regions are migrating to the urban areas in search of better livelihood opportunities leaving the farm lands fallow.

Several measures are suggested for mitigating this problem. Among them, recommending a low cost input technology for cultivating hardy perennial crops that can grow well even with erratic and low rainfall, still giving assured returns is of great significance. In this context, cultivation of Simarouba glauca DC., paradise tree, Lakshmi taru, aceituno, a multipurpose tree that can grow well under a wide range of hostile ecological conditions, offers a great hope.

Simarouba glauca is an important tree species growing in the forests of Central and South America. National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources first introduced it in 1960s in the Research Station at Amravathi, Maharashtra. This was brought to the University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore in 1986 and systematic Research and Developmental activities began from 1992 onwards.

Considering Simarouba glauca’s potential as an oilseed feedstock for biodiesel CJP has honor to establish this untapped resource as alternative source for Bio- Diesel industry of future.

It is wise to cultivate versatile oilseed bearing trees like Lakshmi tharu (Simarouba) with high productivity to meet the edible, industrial and biofuel oil needs of the world, as renewable source, for long term gains. Its cultivation in marginal/ wastelands generates employment to thousands of farmers, artisans, carpenters, pharmacists and others at village level For this an integrated approach has to be developed involving scientists, growers, industrialists and policy makers

We can have :

Biodiesel: from seeds
Ethanol: from fruit pulp
Biogas: from fruit pulp, oil-cake, eaf litter, shell and unwanted branche
Thermal power: from leaf litter, shell and unwanted branches (For electricity generation)

Therefore Simarouba glauca trees must be regarded as a sure source of 2nd Generation Biodiesel and the foundation around which a profitable Business plan can be built for its ability to provide large amount of oil and its pure hardiness and stress handling ability. The Simarouba glauca a tree that has enough credentials: a higher recovery and quality of oil than other crops, no direct competition with food crops as it is a edible source of fuel, and no direct competition with existing farmland as can be grown for both purpose same time

For further details kindly mail to or

Assistant Director, CJP

B-132, Sainik Basti, Churu-331001
Tele: +91-9413334600

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