The cultivation of Simarouba depends upon the rainfall distribution, water-holding capacity of the soil and possible sub-soil moisture and a temperature range of 50-450C. Lakshmi taru can be cultivated in tropical regions all over the world. It grows from seacoast to an elevation of 1500 meters above sea level.
The paradise tree can adapt itself to varying soil conditions, from sandy, lateritic, gravelly to black soils and with a pH ranging from 5.0 to 8.5. It can grow in degraded soils which are very poor in nutrients and too dry and unsuitable for cultivation of other crops. It can grow in all types of soil with moderately good porosity (proper drainage). Topographically, it can grow in planes, hill slopes with shallow soil (with a minimum of 1.0 meter depth), undulating terrains unsuitable for cultivation, of course with a proportionate variation in its yield potentialities. Simarouba requires 700-1000 mm rainfall for normal growth, even though it can manage well in areas with even 300 mm rainfall. The crop can withstand 6-8 months of dry spell in a year. The tree has incredible nutritional value, low demand for water and prolific growth and biomass production. As the seeds do not form a staple food source, the food for the people or food for fuel issue is argued to be not relevant. Also, the tree is able to grow in marginal lands and the leaf litter has the potential to improve the quality of the soil and is documented as having improved the size and quality of vegetable crops that have been intercropped with Simarouba.
The productive plantation of Simarouba needs to be scientifically managed for better growth and production. The growth and yield of the plant could be improved through effective management practices. The enhanced cultivation technology and improved inputs developed by CJP may provide about 4000 liters of biofuel without displacing food crop and without utilizing prime food land in terms of sustainable farming techniques
The key factors that can influence the oil yield of Simarouba are:
Quality of the soil
Use of fertilizer
High-quality stock from superior Genotype
Use of pesticide
CJP carefully manages Simarouba cultivation, with advanced crop practices suitable to local soil, weather, pest, and disease conditions to ensure the high amount of oil as we have developed enhanced technology with regards to:-
Planting materials & other inputs
Pest & Diseases management.
Post harvest management
And finally grading for further process
The key factors governing profitability of large scale production are:
Selection of high yielding varieties with suitable marketable quality.
Sowing in a proper season, in compliance with the latest agro techniques.
Management of ratoon crops
Adoption of post harvest management.
CJP’s Researchers have developed standardized techniques for growing Simarouba on large scale. CJP ensures Organic Simarouba plantation right from the land preparation, crop management to production of end product. CJP Simarouba Farms are under the vigilant supervision of agronomists, who make sure that the latest and best breed of Simarouba oleifera is being planted. However, we keep a close watch on the research results of Simarouba breeding by studying thousands of Simarouba variants, identifying and collecting the best sources of high-quality to guarantee a consistently high yield, a stem, or scion, from a tree with a demonstrated capacity to produce many pods/seeds. This not only removed the uncertainty from the yield, it also provides multiple harvests within a few months. Accordingly, the enhanced variety SRIPHL S03 with regards to seed yield and oil yield and the enhanced Cultivation techniques may ensure proper and profitable production of THE OIL CROP providing early fruition and flowering—