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An Economic Evaluation of Mahua Plantation
M.Indica: An untapped fuel tree

The M.Indica biodiesel meets all the three criteria any environmentally sustainable fuel must meet. These are social, technical and commercial. About 30-40 percent of the tribal economy in north India such as in Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Orissa is dependent on the mahua seeds and flowers. The tree has a potential of enhancing rural income. Being an evergreen variety, it reaches a height of 45-60 feet, and is well adapted to varied weather conditions. With its wide spreading branches and circular crown the tree presents a visually appealing structure. Though the tree starts bearing seeds from the seventh year of planting, commercial harvesting of seeds can be done only from the tenth year

Seed yield ranges from 20-200 kg per tree every year, depending on its growth and development. Being hardy and pest resistant, the tree requires little attention once it has taken root. The variety latifolia is common throughout the Indian sub-continent. As a plantation tree, mahua is an important plant having vital socio-economic value. This species can be planted on roadside, canal banks etc on commercial scale and in social forestry programmes, particularly in tribal areas. The drying and decertification yield 70% kernel on the weight of seed. The kernel of seed contains about 50% oil. The oil yield in an expeller is nearly 34-37. The properties of the MI Oil were found to be within the biodiesel limits of various countries. Hence the MI Oil can be used as a substitute for diesel, for sustainable development of rural areas and as a renewable fuel. The trees will act as sinks for carbon dioxide and, hence, the M.Indica plantation will reduce the amount of this greenhouse gas (GHG) in the atmosphere. The project has many other positive economic, social and environmental impacts: There are income generation opportunities that result from the project like the provision of goods and services to the plantation and its workers.


As the biodiesel industry grows, honing a cost-effective and diverse feedstock supply stands out as a top challenge. There is a need to diversify the sources and methods used to generate biofuel products to achieve food security, energy security and sustainable development and carbon savings. Biodiesel producers are looking for alternative feedstocks which are non- agricultural and non-food crops. And M.Indica has the ability to substitute the requirement of low cost feedstock with the potential for high oil seed production and the added benefit of an ability to grow on marginal land. These properties support the suitability of this plant for large scale vegetable oil production needed for a sustainable biodiesel industry.

Yield is a function of light, water, nutrients and the age of the Plant. Good planning, quality planting material, standardized agronomy practices and good crop management may handsomely increase the yields.

M.Indica will yield at Maturity as high as +3 tons oil with proper nutrition, and irrigation. This is truly an exceptional amount of oil from an agricultural crop.

M.Indica will yield at Maturity as high as +3 tons oil with proper nutrition, and irrigation. This is truly an exceptional amount of oil from an agricultural crop.

Under CJP’S Couple Crop Technology oil production to the tune of 6000 kg per ha is obtainable

Approximate Yield/hectare
Optimal yield  
Seed yield 10 tons
Oil (36% of Yield) ton 3.6 ton
Biodiesel ton 3.6 ton
Plantation cost US$ 250/ha
Maintance cost US$100 /ha
Crop cultivation & care cost US$ 1250/ha
Oil Production 6.0 tons
For detailed economics & more; kindly mail to or contact

Business Development Division, CJP
B-132, Sainik Basti, Churu-331001
Tele: +91-9413334600
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