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Agronomy Jojoba Farming CULTIVATION TECHNOLOGY
 

Jojoba has the distinction of being the domesticated plant successfully in desert of Rajasthan, India. The methods used by jojoba farmers in the past have been varied, as there were no real records of the performance of cultivated plants in existence. Subsequent research, however, has led to a greater understanding of the classic farming requirements for jojoba.

Jojoba has very promising scope for cultivation in the desert even in the relatively hot weather. Its nature withstands the hot weather in summer, warm weather in winter, low fertility of soil and low water resources. It needs less than one quarter the amount of water needed for olives with great ability to withstand the high salt in the soil. The payback for planting Jojoba is encouraging. To be used as fuel it needs to be cultivated in huge amounts which are easy in desert land in many countries.

Soil texture is important as jojoba grows best in sandy or decomposed granite or rocky soils and slowest in heavy clay soils such as adobe. Even if the fertility of the soil is marginal, jojoba is still able to produce well without the use of fertilizers. However, jojoba plants kept in containers seem to do better with some fertilization.

Irrigation systems are a must when establishing jojoba plantations whether by planting seeds or seedlings. The plants seem to do well on their own after two years of intensive watering in early winter and spring when the jojoba plant maximally utilizes water for growth. This watering period is a plus for the jojoba farmer as jojoba's water requirements will not conflict with the watering requirements for traditional crops. Under ideal conditions of soil, water and sun, the tap root will grow an inch a day; within two years the roots should reach the level of the aquifer thus enabling sufficient growth for seed production without supplemental watering.

In order to maximize production, it would seem advantageous to plant rooted cuttings from sexed plants which are known high producers or known to have seeds with high oil content. Rooting the cuttings takes a little bit of technical knowhow but it would be worthwhile to have a plantation with 90% to 95% female plants, leaving the 5% or 10% males to produce adequate pollen for all the female flowers.

 
Yield Potential and Performance Results:

Jojoba generally does not produce an economically useful yield until the fourth or fifth year after planting. Seed yields in natural stands of jojoba range from a few seeds to as much as 5 Kg of clean, dry seed per plant. Production of seed varies greatly from plant to plant in a stand and from year to year for a particular plant.

Currently, the average yield of commercial Plantations that were established with selected higher yielding clones is capable of producing 1 to 11 tons from 7th to 15th year per ha .

 
Yield: Jojoba
 
Serial no. TIME PRODUCTION/ PLANT PRODUCTION 2250 PLANTS/hectare
       
1 1st Year Nil Nil
2 2nd Year Nil Nil
3 3rd Year 50 112.5
4 4th Year 100 225
5 5th Year 200 450
6 6th Year 350 787.5
7 7th Year 500 1125
8 8th Year 750 1687.5
9 9th Year 1000 2250
10 10th Year 1500 3375
11 11th year 2000 4500
12 12th year 2500 5625
13 13th Year 3000 6750
14 14th year 4000 9000
15 15th year 5000 11250
  TOTAL 20950 47137.5
 
Above maintained production is expected, can vary according to climate conditions.

CULTIVATION OF JOJOBA BY SCIENTIFIC METHOD
 
Selection of land Climate: - Seedbed Preparation Seeding Date Method and Rate of Seeding Variety Selection Preparation of land Plantation Irrigation Manure and fertilizer Plantation and precaution Male and female Ratio Method for obtaining fruit Inter crops Weed Control Diseases and Their Control Insects and Other Predators and Their Control Harvesting Drying and Storage
 
CJP carefully manages Jojoba Plant cultivation, with advanced crop practices suitable to local soil, weather, pest, and disease conditions to ensure the high amount of oil as we have developed enhanced technology with regards to:-
 
Planting materials & other inputs Crop Management Irrigation Management Fertilizer Management Pest & Diseases management. Harvesting Management Post harvest management And finally grading for further process
 
The key factors governing profitability of large scale production are:

it is assumed that jojoba is grown under conditions which are conducive to commercial yields. Frost is a limiting factor. Similarly, adverse rainfall and temperature conditions can limit the commercial production of the crop. Therefore, while it is evident that jojoba may survive in some more marginal areas, it is equally as evident that it is not likely to produce commercial yields.
 
CJP’s Researchers have developed standardized techniques for growing Jojoba Plant on large scale. CJP ensures Organic Jojoba plantation right from the land preparation, crop management to production of end product. CJP Jojoba oil Farms are under the vigilant supervision of agronomists, who make sure that the latest and best breed of Jojoba Plant, is being planted. However, we keep a close watch on the research results of Jojoba Plant breeding by studying thousands of Jojoba Plant variants, identifying and collecting the best sources of high-quality. This not only removed the uncertainty from the yield, it also provides multiple harvests within a few months. Accordingly, the enhanced variety of Jojoba with regards to seed yield and oil yield and the enhanced Jojoba Cultivation techniques may ensure proper and profitable production of the OIL CROP providing early fruition and flowering

CJP is happy to announce the market release of New Oil Crop

“Jojoba Cultivation Technology”
 
The interested companies/parties/persons may submit their request to

Assistant Director Moringa, CJP B-132, Sainik Basti, Churu-331001 TELE- (+91) 1562 255575, (+91) 9413334600 E-mail jatrophacurcas@gmail.com
 
 
 
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